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Useful MS-DOS Commands


Below is a listing of each of the MS-DOS commands currently listed on Computer Hope and a brief explanation of what each of the commands do. The below commands are all MS-DOS commands, which means not all the below commands will work in your version of MS-DOS and/or Windows command line. Clicking on the command will open the help page for that command with full details about it.
COMMAND
DESCRIPTION
ANSI.SYSDefines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
APPENDCauses MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.
ARPDisplays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
ASSIGNAssign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
ASSOCView the file associations.
ATSchedule a time to execute commands or programs.
ATMADMLists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
ATTRIBDisplay and change file attributes.
BATCHRecovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
BOOTCFGRecovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
BREAKEnable / disable CTRL + C feature.
CACLSView and modify file ACL's.
CALLCalls a batch file from another batch file.
CDChanges directories.
CHCPSupplement the International keyboard and character set information.
CHDIRChanges directories.
CHKDSKCheck the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
CHKNTFSCheck the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
CHOICESpecify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
CLSClears the screen.
CMDOpens the command interpreter.
COLOREasily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
COMMANDOpens the command interpreter.
COMPCompares files.
COMPACTCompresses and uncompress files.
CONTROLOpen Control Panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
CONVERTConvert FAT to NTFS.
COPYCopy one or more files to an alternate location.
CTTYChange the computers input/output devices.
DATEView or change the systems date.
DEBUGDebug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
DEFRAGRe-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
DELDeletes one or more files.
DELETERecovery console command that deletes a file.
DELTREEDeletes one or more files and/or directories.
DIRList the contents of one or more directory.
DISABLERecovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
DISKCOMPCompare a disk with another disk.
DISKCOPYCopy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
DOSKEYCommand to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
DOSSHELLA GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
DRIVPARMEnables overwrite of original device drivers.
ECHODisplays messages and enables and disables echo.
EDITView and edit files.
EDLINView and edit files.
EMM386Load extended Memory Manager.
ENABLERecovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
ENDLOCALStops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
ERASEErase files from computer.
EXITExit from the command interpreter.
EXPANDExpand a Microsoft Windows file back to it's original format.
EXTRACTExtract files from the Microsoft Windows cabinets.
FASTHELPDisplays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
FCCompare files.
FDISKUtility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
FINDSearch for text within a file.
FINDSTRSearches for a string of text within a file.
FIXBOOTWrites a new boot sector.
FIXMBRWrites a new boot record to a disk drive.
FORBoolean used in batch files.
FORMATCommand to erase and prepare a disk drive.
FTPCommand to connect and operate on a FTP server.
FTYPEDisplays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTOMoves a batch file to a specific label or location.
GRAFTABLShow extended characters in graphics mode.
HELPDisplay a listing of commands and brief explanation.
IFAllows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
IFSHLP.SYS32-bit file manager.
IPCONFIGNetwork command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
KEYBChange layout of keyboard.
LABELChange the label of a disk drive.
LHLoad a device driver in to high memory.
LISTSVCRecovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
LOADFIXLoad a program above the first 64k.
LOADHIGHLoad a device driver in to high memory.
LOCKLock the hard disk drive.
LOGONRecovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
MAPDisplays the device name of a drive.
MDCommand to create a new directory.
MEMDisplay memory on system.
MKDIRCommand to create a new directory.
MODEModify the port or display settings.
MOREDisplay one page at a time.
MOVEMove one or more files from one directory to another directory.
MSAVEarly Microsoft Virus scanner.
MSDDiagnostics utility.
MSCDEXUtility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
NBTSTATDisplays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
NETUpdate, fix, or view the network or network settings
NETSHConfigure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
NETSTATDisplay the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
NLSFUNCLoad country specific information.
NSLOOKUPLook up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
PATHView and modify the computers path location.
PATHPINGView and locate locations of network latency.
PAUSECommand used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
PINGTest / send information to another network computer or network device.
POPDChanges to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
POWERConserve power with computer portables.
PRINTPrints data to a printer port.
PROMPTView and change the MS-DOS prompt.
PUSHDStores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
QBASICOpen the QBasic.
RDRemoves an empty directory.
RENRenames a file or directory.
RENAMERenames a file or directory.
RMDIRRemoves an empty directory.
ROUTEView and configure windows network route tables.
RUNASEnables a user to execute a program on another computer.
SCANDISKRun the scandisk utility.
SCANREGScan registry and recover registry from errors.
SETChange one variable or string to another.
SETLOCALEnables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
SETVERChange MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
SHAREInstalls support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
SHIFTChanges the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
SHUTDOWNShutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
SMARTDRVCreate a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
SORTSorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
STARTStart a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
SUBSTSubstitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
SWITCHESRemove add functions from MS-DOS.
SYSTransfer system files to disk drive.
TELNETTelnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
TIMEView or modify the system time.
TITLEChange the title of their MS-DOS window.
TRACERTVisually view a network packets route across a network.
TREEView a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
TYPEDisplay the contents of a file.
UNDELETEUndelete a file that has been deleted.
UNFORMATUnformat a hard disk drive.
UNLOCKUnlock a disk drive.
VERDisplay the version information.
VERIFYEnables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
VOLDisplays the volume information about the designated drive.
XCOPYCopy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.


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